An Ancient Village Well-known for its Unique Traditional Fabric
Tenganan or Tenganan Pegringsingan is a very old village in the regency of Karangasem, Bali island, Indonesia. Before the 1970s it was recognized by anthropologists as one of the most segregated societies of the Indonesian archipelago. It is also known as one of The Bali Aga villages. Bali Aga is a Balinese term that refers to ancient villages and early inhabitants of Bali island.
Very fast changes have occurred in the village since the 1970s, such as the development of local communications by the central government, the opening up to tourism, the breaking of the endothermic regulations. Tourists are interested in Tenganan because of its unique Bali Aga culture that still supports the original traditions, ceremonies and rules of ancient Balinese, and its unique village layout and architecture. It is also well-known for its Gamelan Selunding music and Geringsing garments.
Houses in Tenganan Pegringsingan village are built on either side of the north to the south housing cluster with their doors opening on to it. The entrances of the houses are narrow, only enabling one person to enter or leave at any one time. People enter the village through the gate on the southern end. On either side of the entrance there are two small shrines. Across from these is the long Balé Agung, where the administrative decisions for the village are discussed and decided. Next to that is the drum tower called “Kulkul”. The Kulkul is beaten 21 times every morning to start the day. Going up to the center there is a series of communal pavilions called “Balé Banjar” intended for formal and informal meetings and ceremonial gatherings. At the northern end is the village temple called “Pura Puseh”, which means the temple of origin.