BALI FLORA AND FAUNA-TREKKING TOUR
Are you interest to explore below Flora and Fauna by Doing Trekking Tour in Munduk Village? if yes please visit Munduk Village Bali Trekking Tour for more detail info. and Below are some explanation about Bali Flora and Fauna that you may see During the Trekking Tour with us Bali Jungle Trekking Team. Our team will be ready to show you some Local Bali Flora and Fauna During the trekking, Below are some Flora and Fauna that you may see during the Trekking Tour.
The tropical climate of Bali its two seasons rotating every year and the mountains ranging in the middle of Bali Island from the west to the east ends make Bali as a quite fertile island. Various kinds of tropical plantation can grow well both in the cold mountain area and in the hot beach area. The temperature varying between 22j celcius to 28,7j celcius with humidity of 60% in the dry season and 100% in the rainy season may influence to the fertility level of various tropical plantations which grow in Bali.
BELOW ARE SOME LOCAL FRUITS IN NORTH OF BALI
Mangosteens are one of the most delicious fruit in our Village, thought not well known outside the tropics as they do not travel well. Slow growing, they are difficult to cultivate commercially, taking up to 15 years before bearing fruit with only a few ripening at a time. Famous for their ’cooling’ properties in terms of local theories of bodily health and vigor, mangosteen , in many parts of southeast Asia, are regarded as an aphrodisiac.
The fruit of the salak palm is covered with a thin, but tough, outer skin consisting of hundreds of tiny triangular scales. This external covering closely resembles the skin of reptile, both in pattern and texture, and salak are sometimes referred to as ‘snake Fruit’ in English. Salak grow in clusters and each fruit is segmented into three or more lobes, each containing a hard shiny seed. The flesh is crisp, like that of a radish, and the taste is singular –not sweet, but refreshing. The architectonics of the salak palm reveal a very ancient ancestry, being virtually stem less with a primitive rosette pattern of growth.
The succulent mango is native to the rainforest of Southeast Asia, and despite its global distribution today. The best varieties are still to be found in the region, reflecting literally thousands of years of cultivation and selective propagation by man. The tree is very attractive, with long, spear-shaped leaves which are a delicate shade of pink or even violet when newly formed, depending on the species.
Cloves are the unopened bud of Syzgium Aromaticum , a member of the picked by hand and dried in the sun. Although a popular spice in Indian and even western cuisines, cloves do not play an important part in Indonesia culinary traditions. Instead, their principal use is in the manufacture of clove cigarettes, or kretek, and as an analgesic agent – a little oil of cloves rubbed on the gums helps relieve toothache.
The coffee plant is native to tropical Africa and was first introduced to Bali in the 1750 0s. There are two principal varieties- Arabica and Robusta – and Both are grown in Our Village. Arabica is more popular worldwide. But Robusta is preferred variety in Our Village. The fragrant white flowers appear in April, but remain dormant for the next five or six month until the first rains of the south west monsoon fall in September or October. The fruit, when it ripens, turns into red berries the size of small grapes, and is harvested at the beginning of following year.
Although cocoa was first brought to Europe frwo the New world by Hernando cortes as early as 1520. It was not introduced to Indonesia until the 1970s. Today, cocoa, or coklat as it is called locally, is quite commonly grown in the mountains of Bali especially Gobleg Village. But it is not popular beverage with the Balinese and is intended mainly for the export market.
Bamboo is a giant type of grass with a worldwide distribution. A hundred species or more occur in Indonesia alone, and every where bamboo has been exploited by man for a great variety of purposes , ranging from building material to water conduits, baskets , mats, fish traps, rice steamers, musical instrument and just any other kind of container or implement imaginable. The hollow steams, or culms, are ideal for constructing lightweight structures which have both strength and flexibility. On the other hand, the young shoots make a delicious vegetable, although harvesting them destroys the plant.
The daily routines of the Hinduism people in Bali which are always colored with various ceremonies cause a very high need for using the park of plantation. Various kinds of fruit such us snake fruit and orange, beside being very popular used for offering ,they also become very famous fruits in the Archipelago.
Beside the beach area around Bali, Jembrana regency in the west of Bali is the biggest coconut supplier in Bali. Meanwhile, fruits and flower are supplied from the mountain areas such as Bedugul, Bangli, North Badung. The trees growing in parks of Bali island are most used as building material. The tress of jack fruit and kwanitan are commonly used for Balinese Building constructions. Bali, which is thick of the ritual performance, besides using plantations, also uses various kinds of animal for completing the ritual. Chicken, Pig, Duck are the kinds of the animals that are mostly used in the ritual. The usage of other kinds animals especially the one slow growth, is mostly needed in big ceremonies called tawur bhuta yadnya that is performed every five years. Tiger for example, is only used the ceremony called Eka Dasa Ludra performed every one hundred years.
In Term of animal , Bali Has a famous bird called Jalak Putih which is very rare and its populations are very low and tend to decrease . Bisides its habitat in West Bali National Park is pushed by housing devempment and pollution. Stealing and smuggling actions also become the reasons of the decrease of the Balinese Jalak Bali.