Batur Caldera Elevation
Batur Caldera Elevation by Jro Wijaya
Dramatic Caldera, Indonesian archipelagos are the most interesting world’s volcanic terrestrial; Java is the finest and the most beautiful Tropical Island and Bali Island emerged from sub-marine volcanic eruption millions of years ago. From 155 active volcanoes in Indonesia twenty of them are currently active in Java and Bali, Java has volcanically active from West to the East and, two of them are in Bali i.e. the classical shape Mt. Agung and the dramatic shape Batur Caldera. Batur Caldera is the finest and the most beautiful Caldera in the world (van Bemmelen 1970), inside the caldera emerges Mount Batur 1717 m ASL, it is one of the Indonesia active volcanoes emerging from the center of double concentric calderas North West of Mt. Agung.
The South East of the outer 10×13 km caldera contains a wide lake. The inner 7.5-kilometer-wide caldera formed during emplacement of the south Bali lahar-ignimbrite, has been dated at about 23,670 and 28,500 years ago, particularly around Ubud, further Southwestern and Tanah Lot Temple. Another scientifically citation showed the strato-volcano; the outer caldera was formed during the explosion of 29,100 years ago for the outer caldera and 21,100 years ago for the inner caldera? The glecinium, vaccinium and rhododendron are the earliest species can grow in the presence of the volcanic lava.
The southeast wall of the inner caldera lies beneath is Lake Batur over 16 km2; adjacent Batur cone has been constructed within the inner caldera to a height above the outer caldera rim. The Batur strato-volcano has produced vents over much of the inner caldera, but a NE-SW fissure system has localized the Batur I, II, and III craters along the summit ranges. Basaltic lava flows from both summit and flank vents have reached the caldera floor and the shores of Lake Batur in the past. The caldera contains active volcano, 700-metre-tall, and the rest of the strato-volcano summit above the Lake Batur surface called Mt. Batur today.
Villages Inhabitance: The inner caldera is populated and includes the six main villages; Kedisan, Songan A, Songan B, Trunyan, Abang and Buahan, and further between outer and inner caldera is populated includes Belandingan and Pinggan villages. While on the rim of the outer caldera and nearby is populated and includes Siakin, Sukawana, Kintamani and North-Middle and South Batur.
Those villages are titled such Star of the Lake Batur (Bintang Danu). Our secretariat is situated at Toya Bungkah sub village, Toya Bungkan is the bother Batur and Songan, and both villages are previously single village administration in each one, today synergized into the increasing habitants Batur and Songan have several village administrations, Batur became three and Songan became two village administrations.
The locals largely rely on agriculture for their common economic sources; tourism has become stagnantly less popular due to the relatively straightforward of variety economic activities. The fertile black top soils of the volcanic ash such as sediments today is supporting and harvesting lots of agricultural production. Local responses to the UNESCO’s plan Batur Caldera is part of the Global Leopard Network is emerging and reacting from the communities on economic discrimination perspective even though unclearly understanding vision. The tranquility at the villages’ lateral and inner Batur caldera demands constant native preservation and persuasive. We should take care this natural heritance to keep the prosperity running on.
Mt. Batur 1,717 m (5,633 ft)
The first documented eruption date of Mt. Batur was in 1804 from the main crater, and other small craters also formed within the time and have been frequently active during the time 1849, 1888, 1917, 1963, 1968, and 1974 to the last two eruption 1999 and 2000. The old hard lava stream between Mr. Batur and the lake particularly the 1849 lava field is extremely beautiful, the volcanic lava was destroyed into the lake bed and caused deep side of the lake on the lava edge. Unless Pray Eat and Love movie by Julia Robert is documented in this place in the Enjung Singa (Lion Cave).
The substantial lava field from the 1968 eruption is still viewable today from the western mouth of the caldera rim, I was there watching it during the 1974 eruption. The Western part of the caldera rim is a spectacular view of black lava fields on the West of Mt. Batur, this lava fields are flowed out from the lower craters in 1974. Here is also an area of sandy volcanic debris where you can join the motor-cross across the lava fields and volcanic lava sediments. While on the top of Mt. Batur during tourists watching sunrise silver-colored monkeys are also interesting in self picture with tourists.
Reforestation on the mountain is created green slopes everywhere today. Unfortunately between dry and wet season the mountain slopes often burned by unpredictable due to caused the hot temperature and wind season. According to the annalists, planting eucalyptus Alba is not a great idea, this wide range reforestation of eucalyptus in Bali can cause lack watery land because they are extremely voracious to the water, but rich of unknown in the policy makes unaware to this attention.
Lava fields and Julia Robert movie shooting Point,
The southern part of the inner caldera includes volcanic lava fields such as: 1804, 1849, 1888 is spectacularly interesting to visit on recreation programs; self-picture and pre-wedding moment, it’s extremely beautiful. Varieties evident include: lava tube, cinder cones and black lava field zone are the colors of the geo-terrestrials zone where the lake and the volcano situated adjacently photographic. This photographical volcanic terrestrial location is situated amongst Mt. Abang, Mt. Batur and the Lake inside; manual agricultural cultivation has been developed in this area, the locals deeply trying to keep holding this public property in individual intention because unknown procedure is in their mind.
Lake Batur and its laymen Lake Batur is the largest volcanic Crater Lake on the island 16 km2 wide and 91 m in deep, it is ichthyologic, a good source of natural and farming fisheries, but the case now due to the pollution of the lake water with thick sediments and chemicals used by the agricultural activities surroundings the areal of the lake. While the vicinities around and inside the caldera more agricultural complex dominant surrounding the total measurement of the lake terrestrial.
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